October is a month of cleaning and grubbing of root vegetables before the arrival of winter. As much as possible, you can take advantage of the sunny days to keep up your garden. October is not immune to frost, pay attention to the vegetable garden and plants sensitive to cold.
Gadras garden invites you to discover the non-exhaustive list of the different work to be done in the garden in the month of October.
In the garden of ornament
Work in the garden of ornament in the month of October.
Prune climbing plants as the ivies to reduce their volume. There is still time to prune also the honeysuckles, and wisteria.
Remember to prune your roses.
Prune summer-flowering shrub.
Cut all the branches of the charcoals.
Cut your perennials.
Pull the summer-flowering bulbs which has stopped from flowering such as lilies or Gladioli. Keep them safe and protect them.
You can also plant stone-fruit trees.
Plant the land of heather earth plants.
Sow the crocus.
Sow larkspur, sweet peas and perennial peas.
There is still time to plant your crocus. To do this plant each bulb of crocuses at a depth of 5 cm. Remember to pack soil after planting.
Concerning perennials, you can plant the columbines you have sown in April or May.
Plant persistent shrubs.
Plant the anemones, the bellflowers.
Concerning the bulbs, you can plant your hyacinths. You can start planting the anemones, amaryllis and iris for example. Plant spring flowering bulbs.
About the vines, you can plant your honeysuckle in sunny or partial shade.
Plant all the persistent foliage, laurels, aucuba, conifers.
Plant hellebores by taking care to space them out about 20 cm.
It is still time to plant lavender.
Propagate by cutting forsythias.
Propagate by cutting your roses.
Concerning hedge bushes, you can propagate boxwood.
Also propagate cherry laurel.
Propagate by cutting the roots of peonies, phlox, anemones.
You can multiply by layering the clematis.
In the fruit garden
Works to be done in the fruit garden in the month of October.
Prune walnut, every 5 to 10 years you eliminate watersprouts by an intensive labor.
Prune fig trees, walnut trees.
Prune remontant strawberries and raspberries.
Prune apricot trees.
Prune the currant bushes.
Also cut the old hazel trees. Every 5 years you can eliminate the big unproductive branches.
Pay attention not to do too severe cutting on some fruit trees. Contact a professional to learn how to prune your plants.
In the month of October, you can collect nuts which begin to fall on the ground. You can also shake the tree to break down your walnut nuts. Let the nuts freshly harvested in the open air until the husk breaks.
In the month of October you can also harvest green olives.
At the end of October, you can harvest your pears. You can also harvest the apples in the same period. You will reap these two fruits after they get color and begin to fall.
At the same time, you can harvest your nuts, you can consume them immediately after harvest according to your needs. For long-term conservation, you will reap them when they are dry. After harvest, for conservation, dry them between 1 and 2 weeks.
You can also harvest quinces if they are mature and sweet chestnuts.
Plant bare-root fruit trees.
Also plant small fruits sold in bare roots.
Plant raspberries and cherry trees.
Complete the planting of your strawberries.
You can begin to dig and prepare the hole for the planting of fruit trees
Propagate the blackcurrant hazel trees, fig trees, if you live in a mild climate region.
Propagate the currant bushes.
Propagate stems of raspberries and blueberries.
Divide clumps of raspberries.
Pick up all the sick fruit fallen to the ground.
Heal the wounds of your fruit trees.
If you do not live in mild climate region, remember to protect your blackberries from cold temperatures.
Pick up the dead leaves fallen on the ground.
Check the presence of mushrooms on your trees.
In the greenhouse
Works to be performed in the greenhouse in the month of October.
You can start propagating under the greenhouse ageratums, “impatience”, pelargoniums, verbena, or even fuchsias.
You can plant your spring lettuce under glasshouse.
You can also plant your radishes.
Sow under glasshouse the sweet pea.
You can repot your annual and biennial flowers, collect them and repot them to shelter them in the greenhouse for the winter.
Thus, you can re-pot, for example, pelargoniums, impatience, begonias, osteospermum…
Also remember to shelter your chrysanthemums in the greenhouse.
You can plant under greenhouse flower bulbs such as arums, and amaryllis.
Remember to ventilate your greenhouse in the daytime.
Put inside plants which fear the cold.
Check for the presence of diseases on your plants.
Remember to always water in the morning.
Check the temperature of the greenhouse and do not hesitate to heat them if necessary.
Keep up your greenhouse windows.
Start preparing all winter protection that will accommodate your most cold plants.
In the vegetable garden
Works to be done in the vegetable garden in the month of October.
In October and November, you can plant white garlic, violet and grey shallots. In the month of October, plant autumn garlic varieties. You will plant garlic the point facing upward at a depth between 1-2-3-4 cm. Also plant rocambole onion.
October is the last straight line to plant your artichokes.
It is the last time to plant comfrey. Complete the plantation of the licorice.
Quickly pull out the last late potatoes in the ground.
Pull out vegetables that grow no more like beans.
Collect the basilisks.
After the harvest of basil, consider pulling its last leaves and putting them in the compost.
Collect Brussels cabbages, cardoon, carrots, celeriac, parsnips, cabbage broccoli, Chinese cabbage, lamb’s lettuce, spinach, endive, cauliflower, kohlrabi, the turnip.
Leeks can be harvested throughout the year.
This is the last moment to harvest the curled-leaved endives, lettuce, watercress, sorrel, potato, pumpkin, squash.
Concerning aromatic plants, it is the last moment to harvest your basilisks, chervil, parsley and tarragon.
You can harvest bay leaf, chives, rosemary, wild horseradish.
End of harvest your vegetables of summer like tomatoes or peppers.
Pull out vegetables which do not grow more like beans. Think of pulling the beets according to you need, also pull the celeriac in mid-October.
At the end of October, think about pulling your dill plants before the arrival of cold weather. Take care to extract the seeds before storing them in the compost.
Weed your lamb’s lettuce.
The chicory endive are sensitive to frost you can use veils for wintering the plants or tunnels.
If you use tunnels to protect your chicory Endive, plan to ventilate the tunnels.
Weed your lamb’s lettuce.
Air your soil in the garden after the weeding operation.
Set up winter protection that you had put away for the summer to protect your fragile plants.
Other maintenance work
Other maintenance work to be performed in the month of October.
Drain your lawnmower, and feel free to review it if necessary.
Remove the dead leaves on the surface of the water to avoid the development of mud.
Also collect the fallen leaves of the garden and set them aside, they will serve you to protect your roses and other plants.
Lift the blade of your lawnmower in order not cut your grass too short.