March marks the beginning of a period of intense activity in the garden. Although some tasks of the months of January and February are also valid in March, a lot of additional work are expected throughout this month. More intense period that is necessary to prepare the ground to welcome the arrival of spring at the end of the month.

 

March marks the beginning of a period of intense activity in the garden. Although some tasks of the months of January and February are also valid in March, a lot of additional work are expected throughout this month. More intense period that is necessary to prepare the ground to welcome the arrival of spring at the end of the month.

 

In the garden of ornament


Works to be done in the garden of ornament in March

Pruning

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Prune summer-flowering shrubs such as roses, altheas, hydrangea, spirea, or even the hibiscus.

Don’t forget to trim the climbing plants like the clematis, the ivy, bougainvillea or the wisteria.

Prune rose bushes and remontant roses. Remontants roses’size must be carried out in early March for the mild climate and at the end of March for the rest of France.

March is the right month to prune your climbing roses.

It is still time to cut the shrubby lavatera. Don’t forget that clean cut is to be performed at the end of winter.

Trim the hedges.

Prune perennials.

Planting/transplanting

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March marks the beginning of an intense planting period. It’s the return to plantation of rustic perennials. You can plant lilies for example.shrubs

In March it is still possible, if you haven’t started it in the fall, to plant bare-root trees, shrubs, and roses.

It is the last moment to plant deciduous foliage shrubs like the elder wood or dogwoods.

About the perennials, you can also plant heuchera or perennial anemones such as the Japanese anemones.

Don’t forget also to plant a few annual plants : nigelles, daisies, primroses, pansies.

In March-April, you can plant the nepetas in containersed, you need to water them immediately after planting.

In March, you can also plant eyelets in box.

It is the last moment for planting hellebores, plant hellebores purchased in buckets by taking good care to have them spaced out.

You can transplant the pelargonium whose seeding was carried out in January.

It is not yet too late to plant the biennial.

Sowing/repoting

Repot annuals (pelargoniums, fuchsia) and get them out of the greenhouse.

Plant field flowers that will attract butterflies and bees.

Sow in pots osteopermums.

You can sow impatience, begonias and annuals plants like the ageratums or those in pots like lobelias, pelargoniums, snapdragons, carnations, petunias, also to sow in boxes: zinnias.

Sow larkspur in place.

Multiplying/propagating/layering

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Cut the geranium, the lily, the surfinia, the chrysanthemums, the begonias, the lantanas, the berberis, theanthémis, the geraniums, and the fuchsia.

Divide perennials using a spade to get new plants (nepetas, Centaurs…).

Division of the spirea between February and March.

Do the layering of the bougainvillea using the lower stems and by avoiding their breakage

Start the propagation of winter jasmine in single or double slot

Sow larkspur in place. Graft the mimosas.

Deciduous species will be grafted on bark for the magnolia kobus variety

You can also cut poplar by removing the branches made from tender buds

Perform transplants of pine, fir in simple slot.

Maintenance

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Remove the mound of soil which protected the foot of the roses from cold winter.

Clean and check the flower beds.

Add mulch at the foot of the most fragile plants, its role will be to limit the growth of weeds and to retain moisture.

This is the great period of the beginning of the grass cutting.

Fold the rhododendrons, they will bloom within two months.

Spread mulch at the foot of the roses to maintain moisture.

Just as in the month of February, remove the faded flowers to extend flowering.

Put the compost on the bases of the bulbous hemerocallis.

In the fruit garden


Works to be done in the fruit garden in March

Trimming/planting/protecting

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The end of March is the last moment to plant your apricot trees, actinides, citrus, almond, censitaires, cherry trees, fig trees, white gooseberries, hazel trees, khaki, peaches and all deciduous fruit trees.

Complete the upkeep of apple trees and pear trees which have not yet grown flowers.

Prune the fig tree, the lemon tree, the olive or the pomegranates in the mild climate areas.

Mulch with a layer of compost plants to small fruits: currant, raspberry, currant bushes.

Plant strawberries in buckets.

Weed strawberries. To do this, you can cover the soil for example with pine needles to protect and retain the moisture of your strawberries.

Clean up the trees by whitening the trunks.

 

In the greenhouse


Works to be performed under shelter in March

Sowing/planting

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Propagate geraniums, pelargoniums, fuchsia, in a cold greenhouse.

Transplant lettuce planted in January and February in a cold greenhouse also.

You can sow in greenhouse cucumbers, cardoons, celery.

We start the parsley seedlings by protecting them against the cold.

Under shelter, sow sunshine vegetables such as eggplants, tomatoes, sweet peppers, peppers. Ideally you can sow sweet peppers and peppers in a terrine. You’ll cover the seeds of tomato and eggplant of 0.5 cm of soil. The cherry tomatoes, eggplant, squash and zucchinis can be sown in a bucket and always heated.

Inside you can sow the beets that you will transplant afterwards in open ground.

Sow annuals.

Plant the hibiscus, the zinnias, the osteospermums and the passionflowers.

You can get out of the greenhouse the flower pots or replant them in the garden (fuchsia, Pelargonium).

You can start the summer flowering bulbs such as begonias or dahlia.

Remove winter protection.

If you have fragile vegetables in a greenhouse, check the room temperature.

Plant strawberries for an early harvest.

Maintenance of the greenhouse

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As in the month of February, remember to ventilate the greenhouse when the temperatures are mild and on sunny days.

Remember to disinfect the pots and the stake.

It is essential not to forget to clean the inside and outside of the windows of the greenhouse to let in more light, essential to the life of your plants. If the snow fell eliminate the snow bank falling on the windows to let in the light.

Check the protections in the greenhouse. Heat the greenhouse during cold periods. Control, to do this, on a daily basis the temperature of the greenhouse.

In the vegetable garden


Works to be performed in the vegetable garden in March

 

Sowing

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March is a good time to plant leeks, parsnips, radishes, cabbage, bean, celeries.

Continue to sow the salads and especially spring salads. For example, you can sow spring lettuce (head) (4 seasons, Queens of May…).

Perform seedlings of radishes you can sow in the open ground.

In mild areas, sow in terrine the eggplants you plant in mid-May throughout France.

In March, you can start the sowing of parsley, chervils, green onions, chives, sorrel in place and bulbous fennel in the nursery garden.

By mid-March, sow the celeriac in terrine, sow in this period also the kohlrabi in place.

You can also start to broadcast cauliflowers in the nursery. You need to hold the soil wet until the first leaves of the cauliflowers appear. You can start the seedlings of broccoli sprouts.

Repot and plant the tarragon.

Don’t forget to sow the less sensible vegetables which do not require protection: spinach, onions, peas.

All the cabbage are to be sown from the month of March. It is possible to sow now beans in bucket that you shall transplant when frost will disappear.

At the end of March think about planting the salsify and scorzonera and Brussels sprouts. To sow salsify, think not to cover your seeds of more than 2 cm of earth and pack the soil well.

You can start planting celery in March. To germinate, the vegetable seeds need a temperature above 12 °.You can still sow the celery-root.

Plantation

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Planting the autumn leeks for a harvest in autumn..

Plant asparagus crowns. You can also get small winter green asparagus by forcing methods.

Grow the pink garlic or spring garlic, it is also the time to plant shallot.

Plant angelica and rhubarb.

Plant Rosemary, you have until October to plant it in a bucket or a container. Take care to make a plant hole deep enough to bury all of the root ball.

Plant the “sauce” until the month of April, plant the savory, plant thyme.

Don’t forget to plant Jerusalem artichoke.

Harvesting

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March is the last time to harvest your salsify by digging them, think about picking them before any seeds head emerge. It is also the last time to harvest the scorzonera.

You can harvest your artichokes according to your needs.

You can harvest some herbs: rosemary, thymes, bay leaf, chives.
Harvest cabbage called “Daubenton”, green cabbage, cardoon, spinach, parsnips, leeks which can be picked almost throughout the year

 

 

Other maintenance work


Other maintenance work to be performed in March

Other maintenance work

nichoir-mois-apres-mois-fevrierIf you have not yet done, set up nest boxes for birds. You can offer them cups of water, bread crumbs, some peelings… You can also offer the remains of meals that will delight some species of birds like chickadees.

March is a good time to start feeding the fish in your pond.

Check and consolidate your structures.

Set up the arums in your basins. March is not safe from frost, check the basins protection against frost.

Control diseases and pests in all of your garden

Collect leaves and broken branches.

Continue to maintain your tools of gardens, pots, stakes, and racks.

Maintain the garden every month: March.