November is practically the most important month of the year for gardeners, it’s also the month of plantations. It’s in November that most of the people restart the heating to face the winter cold. In parallel, the month of November is also a month of dormancy period which will continue until February and which does not mean, once again, the rest of the gardener.


November is practically the most important month of the year for gardeners, it’s also the month of plantations. It’s in November that most of the people restart the heating to face the winter cold. In parallel, the month of November is also a month of dormancy period which will continue until February and which does not mean, once again, the rest of the gardener.


In the garden of ornament

Works to be done in the garden of ornament in November



Prune the shrubs of deciduous foliage such as charms or the hawthorn.

You can prune your deciduous foliage such as common birch trees, chestnut, hackberry, common birch trees, chestnut, hackberry, the tree and persistent foliage trees such as the loquat for example.

Prune summer and autumn blooming -shrubs. So you can proceed to the cutting of your ampelopsis and honeysuckle by a shape pruning.

About the trees, you can prune the white acacia, the tree to 40 ecus, cedar, oaks, cypresses , the common beech, holly, poplar, linden.

Prune magnolia , pay attention, the cutting of the deciduous magnolias should be done after flowering. From the months of November to February, you can prune the persistent magnolias.

Cut perennials only if they have completed their vegetation.

Cut the stems of anthemis at about 12 to 10 cm from the ground.

November is a good time to prune perennials plants, including asters which have flowered last fall, cut them down to 10 or 15 cm from the soil so that they restart in the spring.

Prune the clematis which began flowering in late summer, prune also wisteria in November.

This is the last time to cut your hedges out mild climates.

Your roses should not be cut this month.

Cut off unnecessary branches from your trees.

Fold the stems of the roses which stop from flowering.

Fold the asters.



The month of November, months of dormancy is poor in cuttings, you won’t have a lot of multiplication and transplanting to perform this month activities.

Propagate roses.

You can propagate stems of dogwoods.

Propagate the deciduous tree.

You can cut stems of maple, of alders, of araucarias, of symphorines, of paulownia.

Concerning the root cuttings, think about propagating raspberry, forget-me-not or even the poppy from the East.

Cut the roots of catalpa.

You can cut propagate and layer the ivy. Prune the ivy before making your cutting. Each cutting should include 3-5 leaves, remove the leaves at the base, place the cutting in water, 3 weeks after, you can replant it in the soil once the roots appeared.

Provide the roots of forget-me-not and poppy from the East.

Think about transplanting your azaleas and your lilac.

Concerning the seedling, sow the sweet peas directly in final spot, be sure to plant it in a sheltered place.

Divide all the perennial of the garden. Multiply them by dividing the tuft of perennial herbaceous plants. For example, divide the tuft of daylilies. Following this operation, replant them at the desired place.



Do not forget to protect your most fragile plants with a veil for wintering. The Mediterranean plants more easily growing in mild climate areas must also be protected.

Think of raising your pots in order to promote the downflow of water and to avoid stagnation under the pots.

Protect trees and Heather earth plants, including azaleas with foliage. You can protect them with a veil for wintering to keep intact their flower buds and thus promoting their future bloom.

In November, after the first frosts, think of pulling and throwing the annual phlox blackened by the frosts.

Clean the vegetable garden by ridding it of mummified fruits and leaves to prevent the spread of mushrooms. Pay attention not to put the compost to the plants or sick fruits.

Spread the compost in the space where plants or fruits are growing.

Put earth or straw around your roses.

In uncultivated areas of the plants, weed by uprooting all unwanted plants, scratch the earth, then put straw underneath to protect your land from the frosts and frequent rainfall in the month of November. Do it at the end of November.

Air your lawn.

In the fruit garden

Works to be done in the fruit garden in November



Prune fruit trees, such as hazelnut or walnut.

At the end of November, you can prune pome fruits.

Bind the stake of young fruit trees to the trunk of the trees.

Clean the raspberries by cutting the stems that have given their fruits.

Pick up the leaves on the base of the trees

Weed around the fruit trees.

Whether those falling to the ground or those hanging from the trees. Don’t put them in the compost to avoid the spread of disease.

The beginning of the month of November is the ideal month for the cutting of your cherries, cut them every 3-4 years. Get rid of the dead branches of the tree by cutting them.

Do the same for the khaki.



Plant pome fruits such as pear or apple.

Also, plant void foliage and bare root fruit trees. Plant hazelnut, walnut, peach trees..

In the mild climate areas, plant olive trees.

In November, you can plant trees and shrubs in containers, think of well soaking your pot before planting.

As of mid-November, you can plant berries. Plant raspberries, cranberries…

You can plant fruit trees.

You can harvest your khakis. It is also the good time to plant them



Propagate small fruit bushes such as the mulberry trees, chestnut trees, fig trees, hazels, currant or currant bushes.

Propagate the roots of raspberries.

Divide rhubarb.

Extract grafts of apple and pear trees.

In mild climate, you can propagate the kiwi after cutting it.

Propagate stems of hazelnut and fig trees.

In the greenhouse

In November, take good care of your plants to avoid unpleasant surprises caused by cold days.



Start sowing carrots and leeks under shelter.

Sow sweet peas under greenhouse.

Plant nasturtiums.

Concerning the shrubs, sow agave or even salamanders.

Transplant in greenhouse or under chassis winter salads, be sure to previously moisten the soil to promote growth.



Under the greenhouse in November, you can do some flowering-forcing and cuttings of your plants.

Force the hellebores, also force rhubarb for an early harvest.

Force flowers bulbs such as lilies or amaryllis.

Forcing hyacinths in the heat

Don’t forget to propagate mint phlox and the araucarias.



Under the greenhouse, slow down the frequency of watering.

Control the watering of the bulbs.

Repot your annuals and biennials such as the fuchsia or the pelargoniums.

Watch all your cold vegetables. Also, watch your seedlings.

Reinforce your greenhouse insulation, use a plastic bubble which makes you save at least 5 degrees in the greenhouse.

Don’t forget to control the temperature and do not hesitate to install tarpaulins to keep the heat of some parts of the greenhouse where are stored the most fragile vegetables.

Remember to water well your plants in the morning.

Don’t forget to air the greenhouse in mild weather

Check the condition of your plants, check whether they have not experienced infestations.

Shelter your chrysanthemums under cold shelter.

If the tomatoes were grown under cover, remove the sheets to make them turn to red.

In the vegetable garden

Works to be done in the vegetable garden in November




If you live in a mild climate region, you can sow beans and peas.

In mid-November, sow the tuberous chervil, November is the last moment to do it.

Concerning the harvest: it is the last moment to harvest celeriac, do it before the arrival of the periods of great cold. Do not forget to remove previously the leaves and the secondary roots of the plant.

November is also the last time to harvest the cabbage broccoli, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, celeriac, endive, pepper, turnip. You can harvest the turnip 3 months after the first seedling. Pull out all turnips and leave them to dry on the ground during a day, they can be kept away from heat. You can also cut off the parsnips at the same period.

It is the last time to harvest spinach, then wait for the month of March to reap it again.

You have until December to harvest the cauliflower.

You can harvest your Brussels cabbages which do not fear the cold. Harvest them according to your need. Think also of harvesting your radishes before the arrival of the strong periods of frost.

In the month of November it is still time to harvest headed cabbage, cardoon, carrots, blanched celery, the crosne of Japan, lambs lettuce, romaine lettuce to consume as quickly as possible, salsify, escarole, scorzonera and the Jerusalem artichoke…

About the aromatic plants, you can harvest all year round the bay leaf and thyme. Harvest in November chives, wild horseradish, rosemary according to your need.

You can harvest the caraway, collect separately leaves which must be harvested about 3 months after the shoot and the seeds in the autumn of the second year.

Planting / transplanting


It is the last time to plant garlic. Do not plant garlic in the places where you put manure or compost. Moreover, garlic should be planted in the earth a little wet.

You can plant some varieties of shallot including grey shallot.

You can plant leeks throughout the year, the plant tolerates cold.

Transplant the spring cabbages and white onions.

It is also the last time to plant lavender.



On uncultivated areas, you can enrich the soil by spreading compost and applying fertilizer.

You can surround with soil or straw the foot of your artichokes to protect them, to do this, cut previously the flower poles which you will bind with raffia. You can then protect your artichoke feet with straw around the plant.

Do not forget to mulch also the vegetables roots.

Be careful, slow watering in the garden, the autumn season is rich in rain.

November is the month of big cleaning. You can put the chicory that are not consumed on the compost. Cut off the beans which are not useful in the garden. Everything about root vegetables should be uprooted. Pull up the damaged tomato plants.

Now collect the fragile vegetables, before they are unusable (cabbages of Brussels, squashes, beets).

Protect your chicory endive even if they are very-cold resistant. You can use for example forcing cones.

Before the appearance of the first frosts, in the beginning of November, cut all the stems of mint and spread compost on their foot.

Other maintenance work

Other maintenance to be performed in November

Other maintenance works

Old sprinkler modify

Store the lawnmower, grass will grow idle and will be completely shabby under the effect of frost. Before storing your lawnmower, consider draining to avoid oxidation of the fuel.

Drain the pipes so that they will not freeze.

Store the garden hoses to avoid their deterioration.

Raise the flower pots to avoid the formation of standing water which shall kill the roots.